The word “University” is taken from the Latin word “universitas magistrorum et scholarium” which means community of teacher and scholars. University can be known to be an institution of higher and research on different subject. The oldest known universities in India were particularly canters of education in earliest times. Additionally, most of the universities were Buddhist monasteries. University is an organization that provides both undergraduates and post graduates education and studies.
India education system is the favorable and largest education destination in the world that offers various types of bachelors, masters, PhD and diplomas in various streams. India with huge area and large population, there are many universities in India that offers various regular courses, distance learning degree courses, online education, and part time education. Here you will find number of private education institutions that offers many types of diplomas and degree courses affiliated to different universities. Medieval Universities in India were served as the institutions of higher education which were established with various subjects like arts, law, medicine, and theology.
Type of Universities?
- Central University
- State university
- Private University
- Agricultural University
- Deemed University
- Open University
Detail of all type universities
What is a central university?
Central universities are set up by an act of Parliament. There are 20 central universities in the country. The President of India is a visitor at all central university. The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the agency that provides funding for maintenance and development of these universities.
Of the 20 central universities, the Indira Gandhi Open University and Central Agricultural University Imphal are not funded by the UGC; these are assisted by the ministry of human resource development and the ministry of agriculture, respectively.
The University of Delhi, Allahabad University, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), and Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) are among the central universities.
What is a state university?
Universities set up or recognised by an act of the state legislature are known as state universities. There are 215 state universities in the country. Three of the country's oldest institutions of higher learning, University of Calcutta, University of Madras, and University of Mumbai are state universities.
State governments are responsible for establishment of state universities and provide plan grants for their development and non-plan grants for their maintenance. The UGC makes budgetary plan allocation for 113 state universities.
As per section 12(B) of the UGC Act, state universities established after June 17, 1972 will not be eligible to receive any grant from the central government, UGC, or any organization receiving funds from the government of India, unless the UGC makes an exception.
What is a deemed university?
Institutions of higher learning, which are not universities, are often in recognition of their high caliber of education granted the status of an university. Such institutions are known as deemed to be university, or deemed university.
The status of a deemed university is accorded by the UGC. Section 3 of the UGC Act, provides for the conferring of this status of autonomy granted to high performing institutes and departments of various universities in India.
What is a private university?
A private university is an institution of higher learning established through a state or central act by a sponsoring body, such as a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, or any other corresponding law for the time being in force in a state or a public trust or a company registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956.
What is a open university?
Open Universities in India provide the facility of distance education to people who are unable to pursue regular courses. These universities offer undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral programme. They also offer diploma and certificate level courses. Apart from Open Universities there are distance education universities in most of the Indian states. An Assessment and Accreditation system will be in place for all open universities of India by January 2009. This new system will work on the lines of the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), which assesses and accredits conventional colleges and universities.